How To Take Care Of Worms? A Comprehensive Guide

What comes to your mind when the word worm is mentioned? Well, to most people, not something positive, in fact, quite a number are afraid of these harmless creatures. Here is a shocker; people are making a living from keeping worms. How? You have come to the right place. This post will walk you through a step by step guide on how to take care of worms.

Why keep worms in the first place?

It is just fair to say that worms are not everyone’s day to day cup of coffee. Bringing us back to our question, why keep warms in the first place?

Let’s start at a common ground. Do worms impact negatively or positively to the ecosystem? The answer to this question is, they have a positive impact. Here are some of the main reasons why you should keep worms and learn how to take care of them.

1. Fishbait

This can be done either in small scale or in large scale. For you to fish, you have to bait the fish. Where do you get the bait? The bait is basically worms which you have to purchase in a fish bait store.

In the short run, the cost may seem insignificant but if you fish regularly you would save quite s fortune if you keep the worms yourself.

You can also keep worms in large scale and earn a livelihood from it. How? By selling the warms to local fish bait stores. Holding everything constant there will always be a ready market for worms. This is not yet a flooded industry.

2. Aeration

Plants need aeration for a smooth flow of air to the roots. How is this achieved? Worms burrow holes in the soil and this helps in improving aeration. You can keep worms to use in your garden or venture into large scale and sell the worms to farmers.

3. Pet

A worm as a pet is not a thing that most people would consider. Not saying that it is awkward but we have people who can keep a worm as a pet. In most scenarios it is mostly children. Well, if you have it as a pet this means that you should learn how to take care of it, right?

Things to avoid when take care of worms

Worms are adapted to living in the soil. To take care of them you have to replicate their natural habitat which is not all that hard. However, there is a list of things you should avoid to ensure that the worms stay alive.

No torching

This mostly applies where the worm is kept as a pet. As much as you would love to keep touching the adorable creature, it is for the best interest of both of you that you avoid torching.

Worms should be watched not torched. There is an agency to move them, try to do so gently with some soil around it.

No direct sun

He sun is the greatest source of vitamin D. Even better it is free. Well, not every living creature is a friend to the sun. In particular, you should always avoid direct sunlight when it comes to worms.

They are adapted to living in a rather cool habitat. Exposure to direct sunlight leads to painful sunburns, dryness and eventually make the worm die.

Avoiding soaking wet

It is for a fact that worms live in a moist environment. It should be moist, not soaking wet. You must have realized that after heavy rains you are more likes to see worms wandering around, right? They are trying to take a break from the soaking wet soil.

How to Take Care of Worms

1. Build a Worm Bed

As the first step in taking care of worms, you should learn how to build a worm bed. This should be a replica of the natural habitat and as we are about to see, it is not all that hard.

  • Select a suitable spot. This can be indoors or outdoors as long as the place is under shade.
  • Take the measurements of the area.
  • Dig a pit or rather a bin taking into consideration your ideal measurements. This will depend on the number of worms you wish to keep and the size of the designated area.
  • Put in compost bedding and you are ready to go?

2. Ensure the Right Moisture

We had mentioned earlier about moisture. What is the science behind it? And how much moisture do worms need?

Unlike human beings and most mammals, worms breathe through the skin and they are invertebrates. It is the mucus on the skin that allows the exchange of gases taking in oxygen to the circulatory system.

Give these factors, this means that, the worms have to be in a moist environment to prevent the mucus from drying out.

The ideal moisture should be where the soil damp but not soaking wet. Worms can’t breathe when submerged in water.

3. Smooth Airflow

There are two aspects when it comes to airflow for worms. That is the bin and the compost bedding.

For the bin depending on the approach, you used this should be easy to take care of. All you have to do is make holes on the sides of the bin. For the beddings, you should expect that with time they will get compact.

When it gets compact, this hinders the smooth flow of air. To prevent this, the bedding should be fluffed and turned at least once or twice every week.

4. Feed Them Correctly

Here is where most people get it wrong. Seriously, what do worms eat? The following is a list of things to feed worms.

  • Fruits and veggies: bananas, apples, kales, tomatoes, eggplant, and berries just to name a few. Avoid fruits with acid such as melons and oranges.
  • Eggshells and coffee ground: eggshells act as a source of calcium whereas coffee grounds helps in maintaining a neutral PH.
  • Organic bedding: leaves, grass, sawdust, paper, and tissue.

They should be cut into small pieces and be at room temperature

5. Temperature and Light

Room temperature is ideal. The temperatures can go down but never above 60 degrees centigrade. Most worms are blind. Against all odds, they are sensitive to light and prefer to be in a dark place. Ensure that there is little to no light for the worms.


There you have it on how to take care of worms. It wasn’t all that hard after all, was it? If you found the tutorial useful, take an initiative and share it with a friend or two. Show some love!

1 thought on “How To Take Care Of Worms? A Comprehensive Guide”

  1. Thank you, Steve, for this comprehensive guide. You have answered many questions I did not know I had! I am puzzled about how to shred cardboard to use as bedding. It seems too much for a home shredder to handle. I very much like the PittMoss bedding I got when I bought my Urban Worm Bag. The worms are thriving far better then in peat moss and coir combinations. I would like to supplement PittMoss with free cardboard. Another thought is to use a rotary cutter to cut thin strips of cardboard. Should coffee grounds be composted before giving to worms? I’ve read that the making of coffee sterilizes the grounds, depleting them of nutrition. Perhaps because of the autumn temperatures, I’m getting no visible mold on grounds sitting outside. Thanks again.


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