How to Grow Avocado Indoors? – Step by Step Guide

Avocado is one of the most nutritious and delicious fruit in the world recommended for people of all ages. Avocados are highly adaptive plants and grown virtually anywhere around the globe owing to the various use of the fruit. Most people know avocados as a terrestrial plant that grows outdoors and can reach up to 20fts in height. Well, what if I told you that you could have an avocado as a house plant? In this post, we will walk you through how to grow avocado indoors. Stay tuned and get ready to be informed.

The general profile of an avocado plant

There are over 1000 varieties of avocados worldwide with each species adapted to the specific environment it grows. The botanical name of an avocado is Persea americana. The outer skin of all avocados is green when raw. Ripe avocados can have a green, black or dense navy blue outer skin depending on the plant species. However, the delicious avocado fresh is always greenish yellow when ripe in all avocado species.

It takes an avocado plant 3-7 years to bear fruits and grows in a PH scale of 6.0-6.5. Mature avocado plants can read up to 50fts in height. Well, it’s no brainer assuming that you must be wondering how it would be possible to grow such a plant indoors, right!? We shall be getting to that pretty soon.

Types of avocados suitable for growing indoors

Types of avocados suitable for growing indoors

As mentioned earlier, there are over 1,000 species of avocados. Not all species are suitable to grow indoors. Here is a list some of the avocados that can do well when grown indoors.

  • Holiday avocado

There is no correlation between the holidays that we know and the holidays that we all know off and this species of avocados. One of the main reasons why holiday avocados are considered suitable for growing indoors is the fact that at maturity the plant is 10-12fts long, a convenient height for the plant to grow indoors.

Holiday avocado forms a rather umbrella-shaped and the leaves get pretty long. Sometimes reaching up to 8 inches, you should expect avocado fruits anywhere between 5-13 years of planting a holiday avocado plant. The avocados have thick and bumpy skin. That’s not all; holiday avocados can adapt to harsh conditions making the plant ideal for growing indoors.

  • Gwen

If you are not new to growing avocado indoor, then you must be familiar with Gwen avocados. At maturity, they reach heights of 14 inches. The avocados remain green when ripe and are known to withstand temperatures of 16-30 degrees centigrade. However, you should be willing to wait for 8-20yrs for the plant to bare the first fruit. Gwen produces avocados between February and October.

  • Wertz

Wertz is a hybrid cross of Mexican and Guatemalan. Wertz avocados reach heights of 8-12 inches when mature. They get pretty thick and the branches dense producing fruits between May and September.

Conditions necessary for growing avocado indoors

For you to successfully learn how to grow avocado indoors, there is a checklist of things that you have to get right. For instance, you should know how to eat an avocado? Just kidding!

Lighting

Avocado is a green plant, and this means that it requires sunlight to make food. Natural growing avocados do well in environments where there is enough sunshine. When grown indoors, it is recommended that you locate the plant near the window of which the light is not always enough. It is recommended that the plant be placed under skylight roofing getting a minimum of 10hrs light exposure.

Temperature

Different avocado species thieve in different temperatures. As one of the essential factors, you should know that avocados require rather steady temperatures. When temperatures vary too much, this will have the plant struggle to adapt; making the plant shed leaves or even worse die. It is recommended that you maintain steady temperatures ranging between 16-30 degrees centigrade.

Humidity

Always ensure that the humidity levels are above 50% if your avocado plant is to produce high yields. Humidity levels below 30% will make the plant wilt, and this will primarily affect the final returns.

Watering

How you water your avocado plant mainly depends on the stage of growth. During the lower stages of growth, you should water the plant regularly. Ideally, this should be at least once every two days. At maturity, this reduces to once or twice per week.

Step by step guide on how to grow avocado indoors

Just like other plants avocados grow for the seed only that the seed (pit) is rather significant. This brings us to our question for the day, how do you grow avocado indoors? Here is a guide on how to go about it.

1. Sprouting

The process of growing an avocado starts from sprouting, and there are four ways on how to sprout and avocado seed.

Toothpick method

  • Remove the pot from the avocado then clean it with cold water. Feel free to dry it with a towel though this is not always necessary.
  • Locate the top and bottom of the seed. Just in case you are not sure which part this is; the top this is where the seed is pointed. Push in 2-3 three toothpicks running horizontally.
  • Using the toothpicks as handles place the seed on glass or container with water such that the bottom points down and is halfway submerged in water.
  • Leave it to sprout; this will take a few days.
  • When 6 inches long transfer it to a pot or directly to the earth baring in mind that the roots of avocado plants grow deep

Soil/compost method

  • Prepare a compost mix then press the freshly cleaned avocado pit in the mixture such that the seed is halfway into the mixture.
  • Water the mixture and always ensure that it is soaking wet.
  • After a few weeks, it will sprout, and you should transfer the new seedling to the designated area.

2. Care for the avocado

You have not yet mastered how to grow avocado indoors if you don’t know to care for the plant. Use organic fertilizers and prune off suckers.

3. Watch the tree grow to maturity

With everything done right, you watch your tree grow to maturity. Patience is a virtue you should be good at since it might take up to 10 years before the plant bears fruits

Conclusion

There you have it, that’s how you grow avocado indoors. It can be done, but first, you have to choose the right avocado species, and this post has walked you through everything you need to grow avocado indoors.

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